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  • 时间:05:56:57 来源:夏季女装时尚搭配 显瘦 作者:伊人私语女性论坛 点击:21
    {随机段子}

    川菜的精髓是什么?

    北京时时彩也是骗局? www.rpqh.net 158cm女生105斤穿搭女明星度假服装搭配

        看来下其它答案,各都提到一些方面,绝不能算错,但始终不是很完善。这个问题,其实在熊四智老师的《举箸醉杯思吾蜀》一书中找得到答案,他用了五个字概括了川菜精神,叫做:和、廉、变、通、美?!厩氤鲆桓觥案呒冻曰酢闭蚵ァ啃赐甏鸢傅牟钩洌罕纠凑飧龃鸢赣Ω檬嵌员茸牌渌父霾讼道床龅?,但是手边缺资料,所以又把这个答案写成了读书笔记,仅供参考啦。和“和”,意为性味之调和。性味则包含了四气五味,四气是食物原材料本身所带的寒、凉、温、热属性,五味则是指辛、甘、酸、苦、咸?!昂汀钡母拍钇涫凳歉龌凇疤烊撕弦弧钡恼苎?,《黄帝内经》里对这个概念有非常多的阐述。在《素问》中,有提出人与天地自然的关系理论,也有关于味觉和人体器官运行之间的关系的阐述,比如“五味各走其所喜,谷味酸,先走肝,谷味苦,先走心,谷味甘,先走脾,谷味辛,先走肺,谷味咸,先走肾”。在《灵枢》中,也有“味过于酸,肝气以津,脾气乃绝;味过于咸,大骨气劳,短肌,心气抑;味过于甘,心气喘满,色黑,肾气不衡;味过于苦,脾气不濡,胃气乃厚;味过于辛,筋脉沮弛,精神乃央”等“医食同源”的理论?!拔丁敝谒拇?,则是天时地利?!端ⅰ防锞吞岬健鞍拖缜蹇こ雒啤?,《后汉书》也说巴蜀“此地广大、鱼盐所出”,《吕氏春秋》里还提到了四川一味重要调味材料:“和之美者,有阳朴之姜?!彼拇ú松贸さ魑?,也和天府之国物产丰富,有着莫大关系。川菜的性味调和,主要体现在三个方面:一是对动物、植物原料的调配而成的荤素之和,二是对主料、辅料、调料三者的气味之和,三是通过季节四时人体对食物的不同要求的时令之和。举一个最常见的例子:现在广泛认为辣椒在四川流行且经久不衰,一个很重要的原因是气候:四川盆地内空气湿度大,多云,且阴冷。辣椒则能够使人发汗,驱赶体内寒气,有治冻疮、缓解风湿痛之功效。2012年BBC纪录片《发现中国美食之旅 成都篇》中,名厨谭荣辉也曾提到此事——这其实就是一个医食同源的例证。顺便扯两句川菜筵席中的调和:配菜原则中,有“以酒为纲”的说法,头菜之后必跟一道烤炸类菜品,就有佐酒开胃的目的。甜菜和座汤放于最后,也是出于醒酒,调和胃之压力?;绮酥惺籽⊙甲雍陀?,除了营养价值方面的考虑,也兼顾鸭子的“寒”、鱼的“平”与酒的“温”性味搭配。素菜方面,有优选笋和菌的习惯,也缘起于二者的食疗价值。川菜筵席从时令角度来说,春夏偏重于清淡,秋冬则更适宜浓厚,当然时蔬的选择,那是毫无疑问的了。再说五味调和。川菜本身以百菜百味出名,味型多而复杂,中国菜系中别无分号。调味成果本身,那必须要说的是川菜独一家的的“怪味”。怪味的特点就是集众味一体,而又各自平衡。而调出怪味也是非常讲究:一般先用一空碗,先以醋溶白糖,再加盐和酱油,使其融合均衡,再下红油辣椒和花椒粉。这几样基本味平衡之后,再依据菜品需要,决定是否加芝麻酱和香油。如果是做凉拌菜,还有葱姜蒜之味。无论调味顺序还是用量,都有严格要求,否则最后调出来的,可能不是“怪味”,而是真的“怪”味了。而对味的认识,除了大家广泛知道的二十四种复合味型之外,我还很喜欢兰桂均先生(成都目前唯一的黑珍珠三星餐厅玉芝兰的掌门人)对调味的非常美妙的认知:他认为味分为三种,一种为自然之味,即食材本身所拥有的味道,如百合之甜、辣椒之辣、一种为自然-调和之味,比如火腿,需要在人为加入调味剂之后(抹盐),再依靠自然的力量创造的风味(风干发酵),再就是调和之味,意指各种高效调味剂创造的味道,如单一味的醋、盐、以及具有复合味的豆瓣酱、泡红辣椒等等?;谡庖徊憷砺墼偃ダ斫狻拔逦兜骱汀闭饧?,你可能会在不同的排列组合里又找到一些新的乐趣。不过个人认为,要谈川菜长于调和,仅仅只谈“五味”,应该算是最浮于表面的东西。廉廉是指川菜中的用料惜物廉俭。主要表现在爱惜物料,一物多用,综合利用,寻新求用等诸多方面。直白地说,形成这一特点的原因,和四川的地理特点、人口数量、观念习俗等是分不开的。四川历来就是中国的人口大省,虽然说物产丰富,但摊到人均,生活物资还是需要合理计划才行。这种特质,早在东晋的《华阳国志》中就有所记载,说巴人“俗素朴,无造次辩丽之气”。所以你在川菜能看到以下几种情况:一物多用:家养禽畜,几乎全身都可以入菜。毛肚、黄喉,成了火锅必点,钵钵鸡中,冠爪翅肠,均有口感滋味。最典型的可能要算豆制品,在川菜中以种类繁多的形态出现,比如老豆腐、冻豆腐、豆腐干、豆腐皮、豆筋、豆花、豆豉、豆酱、豆浆等等。综合利用:不同材料的组合。比如著名的回锅肉,蒜苗回锅为基础,衍生出了莲白回锅、青椒回锅、锅盔回锅,不同的配菜口感,各有其拥趸。四川的面,浇头千变万化,肉块,肥肠、鸡杂、豆花、甚至脑花……说到底,像是在调酒,不同的味道,搭配一个基底——当然基底也能变化,粉条、米线,米粉等等。这些都是综合利用的体现:通过不同搭配组合,寻找到一个大众喜爱的最优解。废物利用:锅巴肉片、豆渣猪头属于典型的废物利用(锅巴、豆渣)而创造出的菜品。另外有一道荷包鱼肚,连瓜皮也能入馔(尽管可能装饰性大于实用性)。成都名小吃夫妻肺片,原本写作“废”片,意指从牛头皮、牛杂碎这种屠宰后丢弃的边角料。 其实豆瓣酱可能也搭一些边,传说豆瓣酱是因为舍不得丢弃发霉的蚕豆酱,才加入了辣椒压制霉味,阴差阳错被“创造”出来。当然,这只是故事,不一定能当真。寻新求用,则是不断的有新的食材被选择或被创造。近一点的,如峨眉山雪魔芋,可以算作川人寻新食材的成果,另外有一种食材,叫做鸡蛋干,也是四川人的创造发明,出现至今也不过二十来年,在现今的四川菜系中,常??梢约剿纳碛?。味型上,也开始有一些新的发展。蔡明雄的《四川花椒》一书中就提到了近年来川菜中摸索出的藤椒味型。再加上越来越风靡于市场的泡椒味型,二者均不虽然不归属于传统的二十四味型,但无疑也是川菜中寻新的特质的一个佐证。我不太清楚其它菜系中,是否也有类似对于食材的物尽其用,但我可以确定的是,“廉”字在川菜的文化中的确是不可忽略的特点之一。变引【四川地区的筵席文化是怎样的?】这个答案下的一句话:“川菜提炼的是四川历史上多次大移民(一般认为是七次)的烹调技法和风味的融合?!倍咛逵心钠叽文兀旱谝淮危呵爻鸢?、蜀,建造成都城,并移民超过万户人家进入四川。第二次:西晋末年,五胡乱华,北方政局动荡,人口避难而南迁入川,以陕、甘地区人数最多。第三次:北宋初年,辽国崛起,情况和第二次类似,又有大批居民因为逃难而入川;第四次:元末明初,入川移民则以湖北麻城区域的人为主。第五次:明末清初,张献忠屠川导致四川人口急剧减少,从而有了著名的“湖广填四川”。第六次:抗战时期,重庆为陪都时,全国人民随战争局势变化入川。第七次:三峡大坝兴建,迁走的居民中,有一部分落户四川。北至陕甘、东到两湖、两广,都向四川输出了自有的烹饪文化。如今四川民间所公认的豆瓣酱起源(野史)中,上文中所提到的发霉的蚕豆酱,就是客家人创造于来四川的路上——连“川菜的灵魂”豆瓣酱也是客家人创造的?;褂兴拇ㄖ奶锵ò影友?九大碗),也源自于客家人的传统。这些稍微近一些的饮食文化历史,至少还有??裳?。但更多的饮食传统习俗可能早就已经和四川本地原有的特色进行了深度交流融合,才最终形成了目前我们所熟知的丰富多样、且动态变化的川菜体系。 外来移民是一方面,另一方面则是商业贸易所带来的变化。 再具体一点,那就是川菜中的小河帮——2007年才正式确立概念的“盐帮菜”。自贡盐帮菜基本是伴随盐业历史而发展,下面引用的这段话,可供参考。清中叶时的自贡盐场,火旺水丰的井盐业,不仅吸引了来自晋、陕、粤、赣、黔、鄂、湘等省的投资者、经营者来这里开设井灶钱庄票号,而且吸引周边及贵州、云南的劳动者来这里作直接或间接的劳工。当时常年聚集在盐都的盐商与盐工即达20万人左右,按不同的社会分工被称为各种行帮。盐商有井帮、灶帮、笕帮、银钱帮、竹木油麻帮;盐工有山匠帮、锉井帮、辊子帮、烧盐帮、屠宰帮、车水帮、橹船帮等等。百里盐场,市井繁华,酒肆林立,会馆密布。不同层面的饮食消费和嗜好,不同地域的饮食文化交融,使自贡逐步形成了独具风味的盐帮菜系。随着获取成本降低,盐也对川菜口味产生了重大影响(左思的《蜀都赋》和陆游的《老学庵笔记》中都提到了川人喜食饴蜜(甜味)这个点,而如今显而易见川菜的基础味道还是咸味)。当然除了盐帮菜之外,盐业贸易还在重庆码头催生出另一个标志性的巴蜀美食——火锅。起源故事很容易查到,但一般火锅还是被认为独立在川菜体系之外的,所以这里也不再赘述。所以,相比于调味的“断档”,“变”才是贯穿整个川菜历史的主旋律,且和接下来“通”密不可分。通通,可以理解为博采众长,为我所用。有人形容四川盆地也就像个火锅,不断吸收外来文化,去芜存菁,兼容并包,最后煮出来的成品,虽然可能带着原生痕迹,但已经被添加了浓郁的四川特色。我觉得这句话用来形容“通”的概念,非常贴切。川菜中通的表征,一在食材调料,一在烹饪技法。四川的农业条件极佳,从汉朝至清朝,陆续引进了不少外来物种,胡瓜、胡荽、胡桃、胡椒、胡豆、菠菜、南瓜、胡萝卜、番茄、番椒(辣椒)、土豆、番薯、玉米、花生等等,极大地丰富了川菜的烹饪用料。此外,四川的制醋技艺、制酒技艺,也都与陕、晋商人引入的技术几乎都有直接联系,制糖技艺也在是在印度糖霜制法基础上继续进行完善。根据《川菜发展史的断裂及其背景》这篇文章的梳理,一般可以认为现代川菜诞生于1861年以后,以正兴园包席馆的创立和发展为标志。经过了40余年的酝酿期(也包括当时清政府“避籍”政策产生的外部影响),在直到民国时期才成熟定型,进入繁荣期。恰好辣椒也是在这段酝酿期内,成为广泛应用于川菜中的重要香料??纯唇袢沾ú说亩奈缎椭欣苯匪嫉谋戎?,不难推导出辣椒与现代川菜所拥有的紧密关系。烹饪技法的通,则是对其它菜系菜品的纳入和本土化。知名的如宫保鸡丁,脱胎于鲁菜中的酱爆鸡??;樟茶鸭子,根源则是黄敬临在宫廷时期的制作的漳茶鸭子(漳州嫩茶熏制),蒜泥白肉,出身满族人传统祭祀之后吃的“跳神肉”,做法在《醒园录》中被收录,而后逐渐进化成为现在的版本。芙蓉鸡片,典型的鲁菜系菜品,苕菜狮子头,说它是淮扬菜,其实也能说得过去,无非是多了一点点本地化调整而已。另外,二十四味型中的香糟、麻酱味型,也很可能和其它菜系有过交流融合。荣乐园创始人蓝光鉴先生所坚持的“所谓川味正宗者,是在原有基础上加南北之秀,而自成格局也”、“集南北烹调高手做的地方名菜,融于四川味,以川人喜吃的味道突出之”,点出了川菜兼容并包,集众家之所长的特点。而我个人认为“通”的精神在川菜上的体现,辣椒当首屈一指,它像是一个主动地,求变的过程。菜和味型的融合,则更像是属于被动地,应对“变”的发展结果。当然。二者也并非完全独立,互相之间还是有影响的。美美的精神是指食物给人带来的身心愉悦。川菜对美的追求,不外乎在于食物的自然之美,和谐之美,创造之美。自然之美,可以理解为崇尚食物与自然的关联??可匠陨?,靠水吃水,取食物之新鲜,自然而然。进食方式上,也颇为家常,并没有繁杂的礼仪要求,自在随意。和谐之美,多数情况下可以理解为第一个“和”的特质,不过川菜筵席中还有一些进步。筵席有一个“冷盘、热菜、饭菜”三段式的节奏感,致力于给食客一个张弛有度的体验。另外还有一个配菜口诀:口味,有咸、甜、酸、麻、辣;质地,有酥、脆、软、【火巴】(pa,形容软烂)、嫩;形状,有丝、条、丁、片、整;色彩,有红、黄、青、白、绿;烹法,有烧、烩、蒸、炸、烤;原料,有鸡、鸭、鱼、菜、肉。仔细想想,这其实超越了调和性味的范畴,已经是从调和视觉、味觉甚至听觉等等不同的身体感受,尽量使其丰满,平衡,有要为食客呈现出具有艺术作品的意愿了。创造之美,那就是寓情景于菜,比如各种追求美好寓意的注重雕工和造型的工艺菜:推纱望月、凤凰展翅、熊猫戏竹等等。这种菜常常作为彩盘出现在川菜筵席中,但随着近年来的大众审美变化,以及市场需求的减少,已经逐渐消失在餐桌上了。也不必多提。如果说还有食物之外的美,那就是对好的食器和就餐环境的不断追求。这也是在今天越来越明显的一个趋势,甚至有点喧宾夺主。吃饭开始着重于吃环境、吃概念,而由食物本身所带来的愉悦感,似乎变得已经没有那么重要了(就个人在成都吃过的这些餐厅而言,口味、环境、服务三者都能同时做到顶尖的,实在是凤毛麟角)。不过私心揣测这应该是所有菜系都在发生的情况,也非仅有川菜中才出现。所以我觉得这一部分,特别是目前以菜品数量丰富和风格各异而知名的川菜体系来说,重要性相对弱些,另外,每个菜系都有对美的追求,强调川菜之美在本问题下意义不大,也不展开聊了。结论:如果非要在这五个关键字之中挑出“精髓”、“核心”,我认为“变、通”才是最恰当的答案。PS/欢迎各位成都的朋友约饭:)参考书目《举箸醉杯思吾蜀》熊四智《川菜烹饪事典》李新《食悟—千滋百味话川菜》向东《川菜筵席大全》侯汉初《四川花椒》蔡明雄《【搬运】川菜发展史的断裂及其背景(节?。?| 吃货研究所小组 | 果壳网 科技有意思》我的其它阅读和思考内容:【答案索引--【学习和经验分享】 - 专栏】

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ren ti qi guan yun xing zhi jian de guan xi de chan shu, bi ru" wu wei ge zou qi suo xi, gu wei suan, xian zou gan, gu wei ku, xian zou xin, gu wei gan, xian zou pi, gu wei xin, xian zou fei, gu wei xian, xian zou shen". zai ling shu zhong, ye you" wei guo yu suan, gan qi yi jin, pi qi nai jue wei guo yu xian, da gu qi lao, duan ji, xin qi yi wei guo yu gan, xin qi chuan man, se hei, shen qi bu heng wei guo yu ku, pi qi bu ru, wei qi nai hou wei guo yu xin, jin mai ju chi, jing shen nai yang" deng" yi shi tong yuan" de li lun." wei" zhi yu si chuan, ze shi tian shi di li. shui jing zhu li jiu ti dao" ba xiang qing jun chu ming jiu", hou han shu ye shuo ba shu" ci di guang da yu yan suo chu", lv shi chun qiu li hai ti dao le si chuan yi wei zhong yao tiao wei cai liao:" he zhi mei zhe, you yang pu zhi jiang." si chuan cai shan chang tiao wei, ye he tian fu zhi guo wu chan feng fu, you zhe mo da guan xi. chuan cai de xing wei tiao he, zhu yao ti xian zai san ge fang mian: yi shi dui dong wu zhi wu yuan liao de diao pei er cheng de hun su zhi he, er shi dui zhu liao fu liao tiao liao san zhe de qi wei zhi he, san shi tong guo ji jie si shi ren ti dui shi wu de bu tong yao qiu de shi ling zhi he. ju yi ge zui chang jian de li zi: xian zai guang fan ren wei la jiao zai si chuan liu xing qie jing jiu bu shuai, yi ge hen zhong yao de yuan yin shi qi hou: si chuan pen di nei kong qi shi du da, duo yun, qie yin leng. la jiao ze neng gou shi ren fa han, qu gan ti nei han qi, you zhi dong chuang huan jie feng shi tong zhi gong xiao. 2012 nian BBC ji lu pian fa xian zhong guo mei shi zhi lv cheng du pian zhong, ming chu tan rong hui ye zeng ti dao ci shi zhe qi shi jiu shi yi ge yi shi tong yuan de li zheng. shun bian che liang ju chuan cai yan xi zhong de tiao he: pei cai yuan ze zhong, you" yi jiu wei gang" de shuo fa, tou cai zhi hou bi gen yi dao kao zha lei cai pin, jiu you zuo jiu kai wei de mu di. tian cai he zuo tang fang yu zui hou, ye shi chu yu xing jiu, tiao he wei zhi ya li. hun cai zhi zhong shou xuan ya zi he yu, chu le ying yang jia zhi fang mian di kao lv, ye jian gu ya zi de" han" yu de" ping" yu jiu de" wen" xing wei da pei. su cai fang mian, you you xuan sun he jun de xi guan, ye yuan qi yu er zhe de shi liao jia zhi. chuan cai yan xi cong shi ling jiao du lai shuo, chun xia pian zhong yu qing dan, qiu dong ze geng shi yi nong hou, dang ran shi shu de xuan ze, na shi hao wu yi wen de le. zai shuo wu wei tiao he. chuan cai ben shen yi bai cai bai wei chu ming, wei xing duo er fu za, zhong guo cai xi zhong bie wu fen hao. tiao wei cheng guo ben shen, na bi xu yao shuo de shi chuan cai du yi jia de de" guai wei". guai wei de te dian jiu shi ji zhong wei yi ti, er you ge zi ping heng. er diao chu guai wei ye shi fei chang jiang jiu: yi ban xian yong yi kong wan, xian yi cu rong bai tang, zai jia yan he jiang you, shi qi rong he jun heng, zai xia hong you la jiao he hua jiao fen. zhe ji yang ji ben wei ping heng zhi hou, zai yi ju cai pin xu yao, jue ding shi fou jia zhi ma jiang he xiang you. ru guo shi zuo liang ban cai, hai you cong jiang suan zhi wei. wu lun tiao wei shun xu hai shi yong liang, dou you yan ge yao qiu, fou ze zui hou diao chu lai de, ke neng bu shi" guai wei", er shi zhen de" guai" wei le. er dui wei de ren shi, chu le da jia guang fan zhi dao de er shi si zhong fu he wei xing zhi wai, wo hai hen xi huan lan gui jun xian sheng cheng du mu qian wei yi de hei zhen zhu san xing can ting yu zhi lan de zhang men ren dui tiao wei de fei chang mei miao de ren zhi: ta ren wei wei fen wei san zhong, yi zhong wei zi ran zhi wei, ji shi cai ben shen suo yong you de wei dao, ru bai he zhi tian la jiao zhi la yi zhong wei zi ran tiao he zhi wei, bi ru huo tui, xu yao zai ren wei jia ru tiao wei ji zhi hou mo yan, zai yi kao zi ran de li liang chuang zao de feng wei feng gan fa jiao, zai jiu shi tiao he zhi wei, yi zhi ge zhong gao xiao tiao wei ji chuang zao de wei dao, ru dan yi wei de cu yan yi ji ju you fu he wei de dou ban jiang pao hong la jiao deng deng. ji yu zhe yi ceng li lun zai qu li jie" wu wei tiao he" zhe jian shi, ni ke neng hui zai bu tong de pai lie zu he li you zhao dao yi xie xin de le qu. bu guo ge ren ren wei, yao tan chuan cai chang yu tiao he, jin jin zhi tan" wu wei", ying gai suan shi zui fu yu biao mian di dong xi. lian lian shi zhi chuan cai zhong de yong liao xi wu lian jian. zhu yao biao xian zai ai xi wu liao, yi wu duo yong, zong he li yong, xun xin qiu yong deng zhu duo fang mian. zhi bai di shuo, xing cheng zhe yi te dian de yuan yin, he si chuan de di li te dian ren kou shu liang guan nian xi su deng shi fen bu kai de. si chuan li lai jiu shi zhong guo de ren kou da sheng, sui ran shuo wu chan feng fu, dan tan dao ren jun, sheng huo wu zi hai shi xu yao he li ji hua cai xing. zhe zhong te zhi, zao zai dong jin de hua yang guo zhi zhong jiu you suo ji zai, shuo ba ren" su su piao, wu zao ci bian li zhi qi". suo yi ni zai chuan cai neng kan dao yi xia ji zhong qing kuang: yi wu duo yong: jia yang qin chu, ji hu quan shen dou ke yi ru cai. mao du huang hou, cheng le huo guo bi dian, bo bo ji zhong, guan zhao chi chang, jun you kou gan zi wei. zui dian xing de ke neng yao suan dou zhi pin, zai chuan cai zhong yi zhong lei fan duo de xing tai chu xian, bi ru lao dou fu dong dou fu dou fu gan dou fu pi dou jin dou hua dou chi dou jiang dou jiang deng deng. zong he li yong: bu tong cai liao de zu he. bi ru zhu ming de hui guo rou, suan miao hui guo wei ji chu, yan sheng chu le lian bai hui guo qing jiao hui guo guo kui hui guo, bu tong de pei cai kou gan, ge you qi yong dun. si chuan de mian, jiao tou qian bian wan hua, rou kuai, fei chang ji za dou hua shen zhi nao hua shuo dao di, xiang shi zai tiao jiu, bu tong de wei dao, da pei yi ge ji di dang ran ji di ye neng bian hua, fen tiao mi xian, mi fen deng deng. zhei xie dou shi zong he li yong de ti xian: tong guo bu tong da pei zu he, xun zhao dao yi ge da zhong xi ai de zui you jie. fei wu li yong: guo ba rou pian dou zha zhu tou shu yu dian xing de fei wu li yong guo ba dou zha er chuang zao chu de cai pin. ling wai you yi dao he bao yu du, lian gua pi ye neng ru zhuan jin guan ke neng zhuang shi xing da yu shi yong xing. cheng du ming xiao chi fu qi fei pian, yuan ben xie zuo" fei" pian, yi zhi cong niu tou pi niu za sui zhe zhong tu zai hou diu qi de bian jiao liao. qi shi dou ban jiang ke neng ye da yi xie bian, chuan shuo dou ban jiang shi yin wei she bu de diu qi fa mei de can dou jiang, cai jia ru le la jiao ya zhi mei wei, yin cha yang cuo bei" chuang zao" chu lai. dang ran, zhe zhi shi gu shi, bu yi ding neng dang zhen. xun xin qiu yong, ze shi bu duan de you xin de shi cai bei xuan ze huo bei chuang zao. jin yi dian de, ru e mei shan xue mo yu, ke yi suan zuo chuan ren xun xin shi cai de cheng guo, ling wai you yi zhong shi cai, jiao zuo ji dan gan, ye shi si chuan ren de chuang zao fa ming, chu xian zhi jin ye bu guo er shi lai nian, zai xian jin de si chuan cai xi zhong, chang chang ke yi jian dao ta de shen ying. wei xing shang, ye kai shi you yi xie xin de fa zhan. cai ming xiong de si chuan hua jiao yi shu zhong jiu ti dao le jin nian lai chuan cai zhong mo suo chu de teng jiao wei xing. zai jia shang yue lai yue feng mi yu shi chang de pao jiao wei xing, er zhe jun bu sui ran bu gui shu yu chuan tong de er shi si wei xing, dan wu yi ye shi chuan cai zhong xun xin de te zhi di yi ge zuo zheng. wo bu tai qing chu qi ta cai xi zhong, shi fou ye you lei si dui yu shi cai de wu jin qi yong, dan wo ke yi que ding de shi," lian" zi zai chuan cai de wen hua zhong di que shi bu ke hu lue de te dian zhi yi. bian yin si chuan di qu de yan xi wen hua shi zen yang de? zhe ge da an xia de yi ju hua:" chuan cai ti lian de shi si chuan li shi shang duo ci da yi min yi ban ren wei shi qi ci de peng tiao ji fa he feng wei de rong he." er ju ti you na qi ci ne: di yi ci: qin chao mie ba shu, jian zao cheng du cheng, bing yi min chao guo wan hu ren jia jin ru si chuan. di er ci: xi jin mo nian, wu hu luan hua, bei fang zheng ju dong dang, ren kou bi nan er nan qian ru chuan, yi shan gan di qu ren shu zui duo. di san ci: bei song chu nian, liao guo jue qi, qing kuang he di er ci lei si, you you da pi ju min yin wei tao nan er ru chuan di si ci: yuan mo ming chu, ru chuan yi min ze yi hu bei ma cheng qu yu de ren wei zhu. di wu ci: ming mo qing chu, zhang xian zhong tu chuan dao zhi si chuan ren kou ji ju jian shao, cong er you le zhu ming de" hu guang tian si chuan". di liu ci: kang zhan shi qi, chong qing wei pei du shi, quan guo ren min sui zhan zheng ju shi bian hua ru chuan. di qi ci: san xia da ba xing jian, qian zou de ju min zhong, you yi bu fen luo hu si chuan. bei zhi shan gan dong dao liang hu liang guang, dou xiang si chuan shu chu le zi you de peng ren wen hua. ru jin si chuan min jian suo gong ren de dou ban jiang qi yuan ye shi zhong, shang wen zhong suo ti dao de fa mei de can dou jiang, jiu shi ke jia ren chuang zao yu lai si chuan de lu shang lian" chuan cai de ling hun" dou ban jiang ye shi ke jia ren chuang zao de. hai you si chuan zhu ming de tian xi ba ba yan jiu da wan, ye yuan zi yu ke jia ren de chuan tong. zhei xie shao wei jin yi xie de yin shi wen hua li shi, zhi shao hai you ji ke xun. dan geng duo de yin shi chuan tong xi su ke neng zao jiu yi jing he si chuan ben di yuan you de te se jin xing le shen du jiao liu rong he, cai zui zhong xing cheng le mu qian wo men suo shu zhi de feng fu duo yang qie dong tai bian hua de chuan cai ti xi. wai lai yi min shi yi fang mian, ling yi fang mian ze shi shang ye mao yi suo dai lai de bian hua. zai ju ti yi dian, na jiu shi chuan cai zhong de xiao he bang 2007 nian cai zheng shi que li gai nian de" yan bang cai". zi gong yan bang cai ji ben shi ban sui yan ye li shi er fa zhan, xia mian yin yong de zhe duan hua, ke gong can kao. qing zhong ye shi de zi gong yan chang, huo wang shui feng de jing yan ye, bu jin xi yin le lai zi jin shan yue gan qian e xiang deng sheng de tou zi zhe jing ying zhe lai zhe li kai she jing zao qian zhuang piao hao, er qie xi yin zhou bian ji gui zhou yun nan de lao dong zhe lai zhe li zuo zhi jie huo jian jie de lao gong. dang shi chang nian ju ji zai yan du de yan shang yu yan gong ji da 20 wan ren zuo you, an bu tong de she hui fen gong bei cheng wei ge zhong hang bang. yan shang you jing bang zao bang jian bang yin qian bang zhu mu you ma bang yan gong you shan jiang bang cuo jing bang gun zi bang shao yan bang tu zai bang che shui bang lu chuan bang deng deng. bai li yan chang, shi jing fan hua, jiu si lin li, hui guan mi bu. bu tong ceng mian di yin shi xiao fei he shi hao, bu tong di yu de yin shi wen hua jiao rong, shi zi gong zhu bu xing cheng le du ju feng wei de yan bang cai xi. sui zhe huo qu cheng ben jiang di, yan ye dui chuan cai kou wei chan sheng le zhong da ying xiang zuo si de shu dou fu he lu you de lao xue an bi ji zhong dou ti dao le chuan ren xi shi yi mi tian wei zhe ge dian, er ru jin xian er yi jian chuan cai de ji chu wei dao hai shi xian wei. dang ran chu le yan bang cai zhi wai, yan ye mao yi hai zai chong qing ma tou cui sheng chu ling yi ge biao zhi xing de ba shu mei shi huo guo. qi yuan gu shi hen rong yi cha dao, dan yi ban huo guo hai shi bei ren wei du li zai chuan cai ti xi zhi wai de, suo yi zhe li ye bu zai zhui shu. suo yi, xiang bi yu tiao wei de" duan dang"," bian" cai shi guan chuan zheng ge chuan cai li shi de zhu xuan lv, qie he jie xia lai" tong" mi bu ke fen. tong tong, ke yi li jie wei bo cai zhong chang, wei wo suo yong. you ren xing rong si chuan pen di ye jiu xiang ge huo guo, bu duan xi shou wai lai wen hua, qu wu cun jing, jian rong bing bao, zui hou zhu chu lai de cheng pin, sui ran ke neng dai zhe yuan sheng hen ji, dan yi jing bei tian jia le nong yu de si chuan te se. wo jue de zhe ju hua yong lai xing rong" tong" de gai nian, fei chang tie qie. chuan cai zhong tong de biao zheng, yi zai shi cai tiao liao, yi zai peng ren ji fa. si chuan de nong ye tiao jian ji jia, cong han chao zhi qing chao, lu xu yin jin liao bu shao wai lai wu zhong, hu gua hu sui hu tao hu jiao hu dou bo cai nan gua hu luo bo fan qie fan jiao la jiao tu dou fan shu yu mi hua sheng deng deng, ji da di feng fu le chuan cai de peng ren yong liao. ci wai, si chuan de zhi cu ji yi zhi jiu ji yi, ye dou yu shan jin shang ren yin ru de ji shu ji hu dou you zhi jie lian xi, zhi tang ji yi ye zai shi zai yin du tang shuang zhi fa ji chu shang ji xu jin xing wan shan. gen ju chuan cai fa zhan shi de duan lie ji qi bei jing zhe pian wen zhang de shu li, yi ban ke yi ren wei xian dai chuan cai dan sheng yu 1861 nian yi hou, yi zheng xing yuan bao xi guan de chuang li he fa zhan wei biao zhi. jing guo le 40 yu nian de yun niang qi ye bao kuo dang shi qing zheng fu" bi ji" zheng ce chan sheng de wai bu ying xiang, zai zhi dao min guo shi qi cai cheng shu ding xing, jin ru fan rong qi. qia hao la jiao ye shi zai zhe duan yun niang qi nei, cheng wei guang fan ying yong yu chuan cai zhong de zhong yao xiang liao. kan kan jin ri chuan cai de er shi si wei xing zhong la jiao suo zhan de bi zhong, bu nan tui dao chu la jiao yu xian dai chuan cai suo yong you de jin mi guan xi. peng ren ji fa de tong, ze shi dui qi ta cai xi cai pin de na ru he ben tu hua. zhi ming de ru gong bao ji ding, tuo tai yu lu cai zhong de jiang bao ji ding zhang cha ya zi, gen yuan ze shi huang jing lin zai gong ting shi qi de zhi zuo de zhang cha ya zi zhang zhou nen cha xun zhi, suan ni bai rou, chu shen man zu ren chuan tong ji si zhi hou chi de" tiao shen rou", zuo fa zai xing yuan lu zhong bei shou lu, er hou zhu jian jin hua cheng wei xian zai de ban ben. fu rong ji pian, dian xing de lu cai xi cai pin, shao cai shi zi tou, shuo ta shi huai yang cai, qi shi ye neng shuo de guo qu, wu fei shi duo le yi dian dian ben di hua tiao zheng er yi. ling wai, er shi si wei xing zhong de xiang zao ma jiang wei xing, ye hen ke neng he qi ta cai xi you guo jiao liu rong he. rong le yuan chuang shi ren lan guang jian xian sheng suo jian chi de" suo wei chuan wei zheng zong zhe, shi zai yuan you ji chu shang jia nan bei zhi xiu, er zi cheng ge ju ye"" ji nan bei peng tiao gao shou zuo de di fang ming cai, rong yu si chuan wei, yi chuan ren xi chi de wei dao tu chu zhi", dian chu le chuan cai jian rong bing bao, ji zhong jia zhi suo zhang de te dian. er wo ge ren ren wei" tong" de jing shen zai chuan cai shang de ti xian, la jiao dang shou qu yi zhi, ta xiang shi yi ge zhu dong di, qiu bian de guo cheng. cai he wei xing de rong he, ze geng xiang shi shu yu bei dong di, ying dui" bian" de fa zhan jie guo. dang ran. er zhe ye bing fei wan quan du li, hu xiang zhi jian hai shi you ying xiang de. mei mei di jing shen shi zhi shi wu gei ren dai lai de shen xin yu yue. chuan cai dui mei di zhui qiu, bu wai hu zai yu shi wu de zi ran zhi mei, he xie zhi mei, chuang zao zhi mei. zi ran zhi mei, ke yi li jie wei chong shang shi wu yu zi ran de guan lian. kao shan chi shan, kao shui chi shui, qu shi wu zhi xin xian, zi ran er ran. jin shi fang shi shang, ye po wei jia chang, bing mei you fan za de li yi yao qiu, zi zai sui yi. he xie zhi mei, duo shu qing kuang xia ke yi li jie wei di yi ge" he" de te zhi, bu guo chuan cai yan xi zhong hai you yi xie jin bu. yan xi you yi ge" leng pan re cai fan cai" san duan shi de jie zou gan, zhi li yu gei shi ke yi ge zhang chi you du de ti yan. ling wai hai you yi ge pei cai kou jue: kou wei, you xian tian suan ma la zhi di, you su cui ruan huo ba pa, xing rong ruan lan nen xing zhuang, you si tiao ding pian zheng se cai, you hong huang qing bai lv peng fa, you shao hui zheng zha kao yuan liao, you ji ya yu cai rou. zi xi xiang xiang, zhe qi shi chao yue le tiao he xing wei de fan chou, yi jing shi cong tiao he shi jue wei jue shen zhi ting jue deng deng bu tong de shen ti gan shou, jin liang shi qi feng man, ping heng, you yao wei shi ke cheng xian chu ju you yi shu zuo pin de yi yuan le. chuang zao zhi mei, na jiu shi yu qing jing yu cai, bi ru ge zhong zhui qiu mei hao yu yi de zhu zhong diao gong he zao xing de gong yi cai: tui sha wang yue feng huang zhan chi xiong mao xi zhu deng deng. zhe zhong cai chang chang zuo wei cai pan chu xian zai chuan cai yan xi zhong, dan sui zhe jin nian lai de da zhong shen mei bian hua, yi ji shi chang xu qiu de jian shao, yi jing zhu jian xiao shi zai can zhuo shang le. ye bu bi duo ti. ru guo shuo hai you shi wu zhi wai de mei, na jiu shi dui hao de shi qi he jiu can huan jing de bu duan zhui qiu. zhe ye shi zai jin tian yue lai yue ming xian de yi ge qu shi, shen zhi you dian xuan bin duo zhu. chi fan kai shi zhuo zhong yu chi huan jing chi gai nian, er you shi wu ben shen suo dai lai de yu yue gan, si hu bian de yi jing mei you na me zhong yao le jiu ge ren zai cheng du chi guo de zhei xie can ting er yan, kou wei huan jing fu wu san zhe dou neng tong shi zuo dao ding jian de, shi zai shi feng mao lin jiao. bu guo si xin chuai ce zhe ying gai shi suo you cai xi dou zai fa sheng de qing kuang, ye fei jin you chuan cai zhong cai chu xian. suo yi wo jue de zhe yi bu fen, te bie shi mu qian yi cai pin shu liang feng fu he feng ge ge yi er zhi ming de chuan cai ti xi lai shuo, zhong yao xing xiang dui ruo xie, ling wai, mei ge cai xi dou you dui mei di zhui qiu, qiang diao chuan cai zhi mei zai ben wen ti xia yi yi bu da, ye bu zhan kai liao le. jie lun: ru guo fei yao zai zhe wu ge guan jian zi zhi zhong tiao chu" jing sui"" he xin", wo ren wei" bian tong" cai shi zui qia dang de da an. PS huan ying ge wei cheng du de peng you yue fan: can kao shu mu ju zhu zui bei si wu shu xiong si zhi chuan cai peng ren shi dian li xin shi wu qian zi bai wei hua chuan cai xiang dong chuan cai yan xi da quan hou han chu si chuan hua jiao cai ming xiong ban yun chuan cai fa zhan shi de duan lie ji qi bei jing jie xuan chi huo yan jiu suo xiao zu guo ke wang ke ji you yi si wo de qi ta yue du he si kao nei rong: da an suo yin xue xi he jing yan fen xiang zhuan lan

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